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:: Volume 4, Number 4 (11-2015) ::
J Health Dev 2015, 4(4): 277-286 Back to browse issues page
Designing and Validating The Persian Version of a Questionnaire for Estimating Exposure to Occupational Dust among Stone Carving and Stone Cutting Workers
Ahad Ashrafi Asgarabad *, Narges Khanjani, Mitra Samareh Fekri, Mohammad Reza GhotbiRavandi
Abstract:   (1052 Views)

Introduction: The accurate amount of stone carvers' exposure to dust cannot be always measured with dust measuring devices. In this study, the researchers tried to estimate long term exposure of stone carving workers to dust by using a researcher- made questionnaire.   Methods: Stone carving workshops in Kerman, Iran were visited and after obtaining informed consent, the researcher-made questionnaire was completed for each worker. The questionnaire included 46 questions in 4 sections. Experts from Iran and abroad cooperated in confirming the face and content validity and according to their comments the questionnaire was validated in two stages. In order to prove the construct validity of the questionnaire, the scores of dust exposure and respiratory symptoms were compared. The reliability was determined by test-retest and calculating R-Cronbach.   Results: Finally, 27 questions were approved for the final questionnaire. The reliability of the questionnaire was r=0.954, P<0.001 according to test retest and 0.80 according to Kappa. Internal reliability of the questionnaire was 0.86. Construct validity was confirmed and those who had higher exposure to dust showed significantly more respiratory symptoms. Conclusion: With regard to the acceptable reliability and validity, this questionnaire can be used to estimate the amount of exposure to dust in stone carving workers.  

Keywords: Questionnaire, Dust exposure, Stone cutting workers, Stone carving workers, Iran  
Full-Text [PDF 659 kb]   (281 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2016/06/13 | Accepted: 2016/07/9 | Published: 2016/07/9
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Ashrafi Asgarabad A, Khanjani N, Samareh Fekri M, GhotbiRavandi M R. Designing and Validating The Persian Version of a Questionnaire for Estimating Exposure to Occupational Dust among Stone Carving and Stone Cutting Workers. J Health Dev. 2015; 4 (4) :277-286
URL: http://jhad.kmu.ac.ir/article-1-120-en.html
Volume 4, Number 4 (11-2015) Back to browse issues page
مجله بهداشت و توسعه Journal of Health and Development
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