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:: Volume 5, Number 2 (7-2016) ::
J Health Dev 2016, 5(2): 98-109 Back to browse issues page
The Association between Lifestyle-related Risk Factors and Coronary Artery Disease in Residents of Yazd Province: A Case-control Study
Fatemeh Amiri *, Mohammad Hasan Lotfi, Hossein Fallahzadeh, Seyed Khalil Forouzannia
Abstract:   (963 Views)

Background: This study was conducted to investigate the relation between risk factors related to lifestyle and coronary artery disease (CAD) in residents of Yazd province.

Methods: In this hospital-based case-control study performed in Yazd province, 250 patients with CAD were compared with 250 controls matched for age and sex. Data were collected by using a researcher- made questionnaire. Data analysis was performed using Chi-square and Conditional Multiple Logistic Regression and through SPSS16.

Results: History of Consumption of less than three servings of fruit in week, with an odds ratio of 8.4 (95%CI: 1.56-45.18) and more than three times egg in week with an odds ratio of 4.05 (95%CI: 1.13-14.5, P=0.03) increased the chance of getting CAD. However, no significant relationship was found for history of consumption of oil, dairy, red meat, fried foods and fast foods. The number of daily smoked cigarettes was the only non-nutritional factor that showed significant relationship with CAD (P=0.01).

Conclusion: Overall, insufficient intake of fruits, high consumption of egg and the number of cigarettes smoked daily were identified as the most important life style-related risk factors for getting CAD. Therefore, measures for decreasing these risk factors in Yazd Province are necessary.

Keywords: Lifestyle, Coronary artery disease, Risk factors
Full-Text [PDF 766 kb]   (417 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2016/07/11 | Accepted: 2016/07/11 | Published: 2016/07/11
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Amiri F, Lotfi M H, Fallahzadeh H, Forouzannia S K. The Association between Lifestyle-related Risk Factors and Coronary Artery Disease in Residents of Yazd Province: A Case-control Study. J Health Dev. 2016; 5 (2) :98-109
URL: http://jhad.kmu.ac.ir/article-1-137-en.html
Volume 5, Number 2 (7-2016) Back to browse issues page
مجله بهداشت و توسعه Journal of Health and Development
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