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:: Volume 5, Issue 3 (10-2016) ::
J Health Dev 2016, 5(3): 226-237 Back to browse issues page
The Impact of Health Education based on the Health Belief Model on Improving Osteoporosis preventive Behavior among Women
Mohammad Vahedian-Shahroodi , Habibullah Esmaily , Hadi Tehrani , Aminreza Amini , Hamidreza Mohaddes-Hakkak , Elaheh Lael-Monfared *
5- Lecturer, Department of Public Health, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh,Iran
Abstract:   (2660 Views)

Background: In all populations, bone mass decreases with age, so the researchers in this study sought to study the application of the health belief model (HBM) for adopting preventive behaviors on osteoporosis among women.

Methods: This was a quasi-experimental research conducted on 64 middle-aged women (32 in test and 32 in control group). Data collection tools were a questionnaire based on HBM model with demographic questions, the food frequency questionnaire and the standard questionnaire of physical activity. After confirming the content validity and reliability, questionnaires were completed before and 6 weeks after the intervention. Data analysis was conducted using descriptive statistics (frequency, percentage, mean ± SD) and analytical statistics (correlation coefficient, paired t- test and covariance) and through SPSS 16 at the significance level of 0.05.

Results: Before the intervention, the mean score of HBM model constructs were not significantly different between the two groups. After the intervention, and by controlling for confounding variables the two groups showed significant differences in variables of knowledge, perceived severity, perceived self-efficacy, cues to action, perceived benefits and Calcium intake (p< 0.05), while they showed no significant difference in regard to constructs  of perceived susceptibility, perceived barriers and physical activity.

Conclusion: The use of health belief model was effective in adopting the prevention of osteoporosis and improving calcium intake in women, but it did not lead to the desired results in regard to improving physical activity behavior.

Keywords: Lifestyle, Health belief model, Osteoporosis
Full-Text [PDF 842 kb]   (575 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2016/10/5 | Accepted: 2016/10/5 | Published: 2016/10/5
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Vahedian-Shahroodi M, Esmaily H, Tehrani H, Amini A, Mohaddes-Hakkak H, Lael-Monfared E. The Impact of Health Education based on the Health Belief Model on Improving Osteoporosis preventive Behavior among Women . J Health Dev. 2016; 5 (3) :226-237
URL: http://jhad.kmu.ac.ir/article-1-182-en.html

Volume 5, Issue 3 (10-2016) Back to browse issues page
مجله بهداشت و توسعه Journal of Health and Development
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