Background: Breast cancer is one the most common cancers in women which can be prevented by changing lifestyle and adopting healthy behavioral patterns. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of lifestyle in breast cancer.
Methods: In this case- control study, 260 patients with breast cancer and 260 controls with no history of breast cancer who had been matched by age and place of residence were compared. Data were collected using medical records and through a questionnaire. Data analysis was done using chi-Square test in SPSS19.
Results: There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of marital status, inheritance, history of radiations, advertising and media training, informal networks, in come, housing ownership, meat consumption patterns, use of disposable dishes, food consumption patterns, consumption of dairy products, illicit drugs and body mass index. Whereas, there was significant difference between the two groups in terms of awareness, education, public perceptions, attitudes, formal networks, use of high-fat diet, roasted and grilled foods, hydrogenated fats and low- legume diet, recreation and body management.
Conclusion: It is likely to reduce the risk of breast cancer with a healthy lifestyle and change of consumption patterns and behaviors.