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:: Volume 2, Issue 1 (5-2013) ::
J Health Dev 2013, 2(1): 12-0 Back to browse issues page
The Prevalence of Early Dental Caries and Its Contributing Factors among 3-6-Year-Old Children in Varamin/Iran
Amir Reza Nabipour , Khodadad Azvar , Farzaneh Zolala , Hassan Ahmadinia , Zahrasadat Soltani
Abstract:   (1607 Views)
Background: Early dental caries in childhood is one of the health problems. This survey was carried out to determine the prevalence of dental caries and its contributing factors among 3-6 year old children in Varamin, Iran kindergartens. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 838 children aged 3-6 years from Varamin kindergartens were selected by census and examined for dental caries using WHO criteria. Variables including age, gender and the location of kindergarten were recorded in a check list. The socioeconomic state of kindergartens’ locations, were classified as  high, moderate and low level by the consensus of 5 informative natives and governmental experts. Data were analyzed using Kappa, Mann-Whitney U, Chi-Square, Kruskull Wallis, and Spearman's Correlation Coefficient. Results: The mean score of dmft index (Decayed/ Missed/ Filled Tooth) in the studied children was 3.99±4.30 and 28.2% of children were caries free. dmft score showed a significant direct relationship with age. Children in rural areas had significant higher mean dmft score compared to children in urban areas (P=0.056). There was no significant statistical difference between dmft and gender or socioeconomic status of the location of kindergartens. Conclusion: The results indicate a high prevalence of early dental caries in Varamin children. Therefore, particular emphasis should be placed on educational and interventional programs, especially for mothers and kindergarten nurses and trainers.
Keywords: Dental caries, Early childhood caries, Kindergarten children, Varamin, Iran
Full-Text [PDF 245 kb]   (653 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2016/06/13
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Amir Reza Nabipour, Khodadad Azvar, Farzaneh Zolala, Hassan Ahmadinia, Zahrasadat Soltani. The Prevalence of Early Dental Caries and Its Contributing Factors among 3-6-Year-Old Children in Varamin/Iran. J Health Dev. 2013; 2 (1) :12-0
URL: http://jhad.kmu.ac.ir/article-1-25-en.html

Volume 2, Issue 1 (5-2013) Back to browse issues page
مجله بهداشت و توسعه Journal of Health and Development
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