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:: Volume 6, Number 1 (4-2017) ::
J Health Dev 2017, 6(1): 40-49 Back to browse issues page
Comparison of Body Composition Changes in Nursing/Midwifery Students of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences Using Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis at the Beginning and End of the First Semester
Zinat Salem *, Mahmood Sheikh Fathollahi, Maryam Shahabynejad
Abstract:   (284 Views)

Background: Due to the nutritional status changes, students are considered as at-risk group. The aim of this study was to compare the body composition changes in nursing/midwifery students of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences (RUMS) using Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA) at the beginning and end of the first semester.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, all 57 newly entered nursing/midwifery students who had been registered in Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences in 2012, were selected using census method. Body composition using BIA, and students’ height and waist circumference using a tape meter were measured and compared at the beginning and end of the first semester. Data were analyzed using independent t-test, paired t-test, and non-parametric Wilcoxon signed-ranks test by SPSS 18.

Results: The students’ mean age was 19.12±0.83 years. The comparison of lean body mass, total body water, and height of students at the beginning and end of the first semester showed a significant increase (P=0.023, P=0.032, and P=0.013, respectively). Body fat percentage in non-native students compared to the native ones increased (P=0.012). The percentage of underweight and overweight students did not show a significant difference at the beginning and end of the first semester (P=0.655).

Conclusion: At the end of the first semester, the increase percentage of body fat in non-native students was alarming. It seems that authorities should review the meal plan of students who live in dormitories and use healthy food pyramids for these students.

Keywords: Body Composition, Nursing/Midwifery Students, Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA), Fat Mass, Lean Body Mass, Total Body Water
Full-Text [PDF 644 kb]   (110 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/02/15 | Accepted: 2017/02/15 | Published: 2017/02/15
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Salem Z, Sheikh Fathollahi M, Shahabynejad M. Comparison of Body Composition Changes in Nursing/Midwifery Students of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences Using Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis at the Beginning and End of the First Semester. J Health Dev. 2017; 6 (1) :40-49
URL: http://jhad.kmu.ac.ir/article-1-255-en.html
Volume 6, Number 1 (4-2017) Back to browse issues page
مجله بهداشت و توسعه Journal of Health and Development
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