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:: Volume 7, Issue 2 (8-2018) ::
J Health Dev 2018, 7(2): 142-154 Back to browse issues page
Factors Affecting Pregnant Women's Intention for Exclusive Breastfeeding Based on the Theory of Planned Behavior
Mehri Saeedi , Mounes Asadi Shavaki , Maryam Sarikhani , Mitra Rahimzadeh , Afsoon Tizvir *
4- Assistant Professor, Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Health, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran
Abstract:   (91 Views)
Background: Exclusive breastfeeding is an important factor for neonatal and maternal health and several factors affect it. The theory of planned behavior provides a suitable framework for study in this field. The purpose of this study was to determine the effective factors on the intention of exclusive breastfeeding in pregnant women based on the theory of planned behavior.
 
Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was conducted on 312 pregnant women covered by health centers of Karaj city through multistage sampling method. The data gathering tool was a questionnaire based on constructs of the theory of planned behavior. Data were analyzed through SPSS (version 19) and using Pearson correlation coefficient, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA and linear regression tests.
 
Results: Mean score of attitude, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control and intention of exclusive breastfeeding were 46.2, 31.1, 15.9 and 13.07 respectively. Linear regression showed that previous child feeding type, subjective norms and perceived behavioral control had a positive effect on the intention of exclusive breastfeeding in mothers and these variables were able to explain 22.3% of its variance.
 
Conclusion: Theory of Planned Behavior had a good framework for explaining the intention of exclusive breastfeeding in pregnant women. Therefore, through improving attitudes and subjective norms, as well as increasing perceived behavioral control, increase of exclusive breastfeeding would be more promising.
 
Keywords: Exclusive Breastfeeding, Pregnant Women, Theory of planned behavior
Full-Text [PDF 1163 kb]   (36 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2018/09/17 | Accepted: 2018/09/17 | Published: 2018/09/17
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Saeedi M, Asadi Shavaki M, Sarikhani M, Rahimzadeh M, Tizvir A. Factors Affecting Pregnant Women's Intention for Exclusive Breastfeeding Based on the Theory of Planned Behavior . J Health Dev. 2018; 7 (2) :142-154
URL: http://jhad.kmu.ac.ir/article-1-562-en.html


Volume 7, Issue 2 (8-2018) Back to browse issues page
مجله بهداشت و توسعه Journal of Health and Development
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