Social Health and its Related Factors in Student

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Health and Medical Services Management, Faculty of Health, Bam University of Medical Sciences, Bam, Ira

2 Department of Health Management, Policy, and Economics, Faculty of Management and Medical Information Sciences, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

3 Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Ira

4 Department of Nursing, School of Nursing, University of Medical Sciences Bam, Bam, Ira

5 Department of Medical, School of Medical, Bam University of Medical Sciences Bam, Bam, Ira



Background: Recently, social health has become significantly important as one of the dimensions of overall health. Additionally,
the issue of students› social health is a crucial concern that poses numerous challenges. This study aimed to assess the social
health status of students enrolled at Bam University of Medical Sciences and identify the factors that influence it.
Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was conducted in 2017, involving 260 students from Bam University of Medical
Sciences. The participants were selected using the quota sampling method. The data collection tool was the Social Health
Standard Questionnaire developed by Keyes. Data analysis was performed using descriptive statistics and chi-square test,
performed using SPSS version 22.
Results: Among the students studied, women accounted for 67.7% of the participants. In terms of age distribution, 53.6% fell
into the 20- to 24-year-old age group. Regarding social health, 78.4% of the students exhibited an average level. The dimension
with the highest social health score was social participation (15.21 ± 4.30), while the lowest score was recorded for social
prosperity (11.18 ± 3.10). Female students had slightly higher social health scores (76.51 ± 14.33) compared to male students
(76.21 ± 14.33). The research findings indicated that the relationship between social health and variables such as gender, age,
marital status, and educational level was not significant. However, significant relationships were observed with interest in the
field of study (P = 0.002), field of study (P = 0.048), and academic year (P = 0.008).
Conclusion: The study results emphasize the significance of implementing educational and health promotion interventions aimed
at enhancing social health among students. It is hoped that these interventions will provide a foundation for improving the various
dimensions of social health and fostering the overall well-being of students